Kultura i rozrywka

How do you spend your free time?

How do you spend your free time? Darek I don’t do anything special with my free time. I just listen to music and read magazines. Sometimes I go out with my friends but we never do anything special… well, we meet other friends. I believe that during my free time I should relax and rest and I can’t do any difficult or tiring activities, right. special – szczególne, wyjątkowe to

Where can a teenager go in his or her free time?

Teenagers are outgoing people. They like different things and they go to different places. Where can you spend time so as not to get bored? Parties If your friends are organizing a party, it’s perfect! You meet your friends, you can talk and have fun (dobrze się bawić). If the weather (pogoda) is nice, you can go to a festival or concert organized outside (na zewnątrz). It’s a good place

Do you care about your body and mind? (psychotest)

It is said that people are minds and bodies and that’s obvious. More often people try to keep fit but they also remember to take care of their minds. In the USA, for example, there are many clubs where you can train your body and your mind at the same time, e.g. while working out, you listen to poetry. Człowiek to umysł i ciało. Ale coraz częściej ludzie dbają tylko o

HOBBIES – ZAINTERESOWANIA

Most of us have got some favourite things we like doing. What is your hobby? Do you have a hobby? Have you got any hobbies? – My hobby is collecting old clocks. writing letters. learning English. making models areoplanes. collecting old furniture/ stamps/ coins/ match boxes. – Fishing / Watching television is my favourite pastime. – My hobby is climbing. – It is rather dangerous. – Perhaps that is why

Culture

LITERATURE Literature is an indispensable element of my life. It not only entertains me but also broadens my mind. I love it when the author mocks and denounces the dark sides of human nature. I like to contemplate the book I have read even if it is difficult to interpret. I can spend hours thinking about the feelings the author tried to communicate. It is a pity that reading is becoming less and less popular

MAGAZINES AND NEWSPAPERS – CZASOPISMA I GAZETY

daily newspaper – gazeta codzienna weekly (magazine) – tygodnik monthly (magazine) – miesięcznik journalist – dziennikarz correspondent – korespondent editor – redaktor agony aunt – osoba udzielająca porad dla czytelników reporter – reporter headlines – nagłówki front page – pierwsza strona back issue/copy – numer archiwalny local newspaper – gazeta lokalna national newspaper – gazeta ogólnokrajowa quality newspaper, broadsheet – poważna gazeta tabloid – brukowiec to hit the headlines –

THEATRE – TEATR

performance – przedstawienie play – sztuka contemporary play – sztuka współczesna social drama – dramat społeczny historical drama – dramat historyczny comedy of manners – komedia obyczajowa tragedy – tragedia matinee – przedstawienie poranne revue – rewia act – akt scene – scena (część dramatu) puppet theatre – teatr lalkowy to stage a play – wystawić sztukę stage – scena scenography – scenografia leading part – główna rola to master a role

TELEVISION – TELEWIZJA

channel – kanał to host a programme – prowadzić program, być gospodarzem programu to change, switch channels – zmieniać programy (pilotem) to switch to another channel – przełączyć na inny program digital TV – telewizja cyfrowa cable TV – telewizja kablowa prime time – najlepszy czas antenowy turn on/off the TV – włączyć, wyłączyć telewizję turn the volume down/up – zwiększyć głośność, ściszyć episode – odcinek to zap through all the

FINE ARTS – SZTUKI PLASTYCZNE

antique art – sztuka antyczna Egyptian – egipska classic – klasyczna contemporary – współczesna modern – współczesna, nowożytna realistic – realistyczna abstract – abstrakcyjna folk – ludowa Byzantine art – sztuka bizantyjska the Renaissance period – renesans the Baroque age – barok The Romantic era – romantyzm Impressionism – impresjonizm art lover – miłośnik sztuki to be interested in – interesować się to admire – podziwiać to be impressed by

LITERATURE – LITERATURA

broaden the mind – poszerzać horyzonty entertain – bawić communicate feelings – przekazywać uczucia communicate a message – przekazywać jakieś przesłanie convey a message – przekazywać przesłanie, komunikat preserve cultural bonds – podtrzymywać więzi kulturalne mock – wyśmiewać, wykpić denounce – demaskować, obnażać coś interpret – interpretować knowledge – wiedza literary achievement – osiągnięcie literackie bookworm – mól książkowy literary genres – gatunki literackie novel – powieść adventure novel – powieść przygodowa

OPERA, BALLET – OPERA, BALET

opera – opera (liryczna) comic opera – opera komiczna aria – aria orchestra – orkiestra conductor – dyrygent soloist – solista opera singer – śpiewak soprano – sopran mezzo-soprano – mezzosopran alto – alt tenor – tenor baritone – baryton bass – bas choir – chór opera house – teatr operowy choreographer – choreograf choreography – choreografia prima ballerina – primabalerina ballet dancer – tancerz, tancerka/baletnica corps de ballet –

CINEMA – KINO

film industry – przemysł filmowy to produce a film – wyprodukować film to make a film – zrobić film to direct a film – nakręcić, wyreżyserować film producer – producent director – reżyser actor/ actress – aktor/aktorka role, part – rola starring role – główna rola supporting role – rola drugoplanowa stunt – kaskader cameraman – operator to shoot – robić zdjęcia scriptwriter – scenarzysta script, screenplay – scenariusz set designer – scenograf

MUSIC – MUZYKA

modern, contemporary music – muzyka współczesna classical – klasyczna folk, ethnic – ludowa chamber – kameralna symphonic – symfoniczna church – kościelna pop – rozrywkowa electronic – elektroniczna rock – rock blues – blues jazz – jazz country and western – country disco – disco soul – soul ballad – ballada choir – chór tune – melodia concert – koncert concert hall – sala koncertowa orchestra – orkiestra to listen

Free time in the city

Free time in the city What do you do if you have a day or two off (wolne), and you have to stay in the city? Do you watch TV or play computer games? Or maybe you go to the supermarket? Oh, come on! There so much more to do in the city! That’s what you already know, isn’t it? But what to do to make your trip more interesting

The press and the media

Contemporary mass media may be a subject of discussion or essay during your matura exam. You may, for example, be asked to discuss an issue concerning the influence of modern media on our daily life or to write an essay discussing pros and cons of the development of television. Before we focus on examples of such examination tasks, let’s revise vocabulary and phrases concerning mass media. Uwaga! „Media” to rzeczownik o nieregularnej