What is the role of the British Queen? Until the end of the 17th century, British monarchs were executive monarchs – that is, they had the right to make and pass legislation. Since the beginning of the eighteenth century, the monarch has become a constitutional monarch, which means that he or she is bound by rules and conventions and remains politically impartial. On almost all matters the Queen acts on the
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Zapoznaj się z podanymi tematami. Wybierz jeden i przygotuj się do jego prezentacji oraz dyskusji z egzaminującym. Temat: „When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life”. What do Samuel’s Johnson’s words mean? Teza: The capital of the Great Britain is one of the most beautiful and interesting cities in the world. It is impossible to get bored while staying in London because there is so much
Has the time changed family life in Britain for better? Describe and discus. Czy czasy zmieniły życie rodzinne w Wielkiej Brytanii na lepsze? – Opisz je i wyraź swoje zdanie. British society keeps on changing and the same happens to the British family. While ‘typical’ family used to consist of parents and two children, now the changes that have appeared in the society are so big that caused even revision of law.
Discuss the role of pacifism in the contemporary world. There are several different sorts of pacifism, but they all include the idea that war and violence are unjustifiable, and that conflicts should be settled in a peaceful way. People are pacifists for one or some of these reasons: religious faith, non-religious belief in the sanctity of life and practical belief that war is wasteful and ineffective. Many believe that pacifism
What is juvenile delinquency and who can become a juvenile delinquent? Children often test the limits and boundaries set by their parents and other authority figures. Among adolescents some rebelliousness and experimentation is common. However, a few children consistently participate in problematic behaviours that negatively affect their family, academic, social and personal functioning. These children present great concern to parents and the community at large. Delinquency a legal term for
Does travel broaden the mind? In what sense? Explain. More and more people nowadays travel and visit various places in the world. Travelling has become easier because of a variety of different means of transport and because tourism has become a powerful business. I strongly believe that travel can broaden the mind although in my opinion, in some cases it does not. If you have enough money or you are not afraid of
How does advertising influence our life? Whether we like it or not, advertisements and commercials are present on television and on the radio, in magazines, newspapers, street billboards and Internet banners. They arrived n our country not many years ago but it seems that they are here to stay. We cannot escape their influence even when we claim that our shopping decisions are independent. Marketing has become a major business
Reading is becoming a less and less popular free time activity. Do you agree with this statement? Why? Why not?
Reading is becoming a less and less popular free time activity. Do you agree with this statement? Why? Why not? I am a real bookworm; I just cannot imagine a day without reading at least a few lines before I go to bed. When I come across an interesting book, sometimes I forget about the whole world before I read it from cover to cover. Unfortunately, although I like to talk about literature, it often happens that I have no one
How would you describe the situation of the disabled in our country – what can be done to make their life better?
How would you describe the situation of the disabled in our country – what can be done to make their life better? If you are a foreigner visiting Poland, you can get the impression that there are no disabled and handicapped people in our country. In almost every West European country you can see numerous people in wheelchairs doing shopping in a supermarket and enjoying a film at a cinema. Mentally handicapped children and
What makes a good film adaptation? Since the film industry began, there have been more or less successful attempts at making films based on literary works. They attract a lot of viewers although different people have different attitudes to film adaptations. Some of us never watch them as they have their own images of literary characters and setting of a novel or a drama. They simply do not want these
What are advantages and disadvantages of alternative medical therapies? Living in the 21st century we witness a continuous progress of conventional medicine. New hospitals are being built and they are being equipped with all kinds of modern apparatus. Doctors and nurses work develop their qualifications by attending international conferences and doing extra postgraduate courses. Finally, risky yet successful operations are carried out every day making our chances of full recovery or
Part-time jobs for students: a fashion or a must? What are their advantages and disadvantages? The concept of teenagers working after school is a relatively new one in our country. No wonder there are so many contradictory opinions about it. Some people believe that by working part-time young people gain a lot of skills which they will need in their future life and which they may never learn at school. Others claim that working distracts
Is it better to be an only child or to be raised in a large family? Justify your opinion. Today’s average family consists of no more than four people – parents and two children. What was the norm in the past – even ten family members living under the same roof – is frowned upon and ridiculed nowadays. Children who do not have any brothers or sisters seem to have a hard
Why has euthanasia become one of the most often discussed ethical problems? The problem of euthanasia – the act of killing someone painlessly, especially someone who is suffering from an incurable illness – is being discussed all over the world and it creates a lot of emotion everywhere. There are countries, such as Holland and Belgium, where euthanasia has been made legal, but even there a lot of people are against this
Why does genetic engineering raise so much controversy? Justify your opinion. Genetic engineering is the science of changing the genetic structure of an animal, plant or human being in order to affect the way it develops. It enables scientists to create plants, animals and micro-organisms by manipulating genes in a way that does not occur naturally. The aim is to introduce new features to an organism in order to build up
How do you imagine an ideal teacher? What characteristics should he have? An ideal teacher is the one who chose his or her profession deliberately and not by chance. He should treat teaching as a mission and not only as a way to earn a living. With an ideal teacher students find that they have learnt something new at the end of every lesson. To do this, he or she must have zest
Why have computers become indispensable in the contemporary world? Computers have revolutionized the way people work, study and entertain themselves. There are so many benefits of computerization that we can’t imagine our life without them. The computer is an important tool in almost all scientific researches and its great influence on science and technology is unquestionable. It takes minutes to do complicated mathematical calculations or carry out scientific analyses. Computers are useful
Generation gap – is it a problem of the modern family? Why?/ Why not? The term ‘generation gap’ may have been coined not long ago but the problem itself is as old as the hills. All sorts of conflicts and misunderstanding between younger and older generations occur in probably every family. Adults complain about arrogance and insensitivity of young people whereas the latter claim that their parents have no idea about
Are there any jobs that should be done only by men or only by women? I find this issue really fascinating to discuss, as it reflects a lot of social changes regarding the roles of men and women, which have occurred in Europe and America for the last sixty years. Before the war, women were not generally supposed to go out to work. It was men who were primary breadwinners. Working