Przykładowy opis ilustracji
The picture shows an operating room, usually referred as OR. In the foreground I can see a surgical table, probably with the patient lying on. I cannot see the person very well as it is almost completely covered with a greyish surgical blanket. The only part of his body I am able to recognize is situated slightly to the left of the picture and it is all white with a stain of blood in the central part. The masked person located in the middle of the picture is assumed to be a surgeon. He is wearing a long, semi – plastic surgical coat of the same colour as the rest of greyish equipment in the room, white, rubber surgical gloves and the mask tighly covering his head and face. The man is leaning towards the lying suferer. Taking into consideration the fact the surgeon is situtated in the foreground of the picture I guess he is either the anesthesiologist or the chief surgeon responsible for performing the whole operation. To the left of the man there is a person carrying a black, thin pipe. I cannot see the face of this person as he is standing backwards. It must be a surgical assistant as this person is obviously helping the rest of the medical staff. Slightly to the right of the chief surgeon I can see a person who is touching the person on the surgical table. He must be helping the chief surgeon. There are also other people in the room but I cannot see them very well as they are in a distant background. One of them, situtated on the right, seems to be checking something on the equipment similar to the anesthesia ventilator or a huge computer. The other person, to the left of the image, is probably putting the drills, lancets and scalpels in order.
There is a lot of medical equipment in this operating room. I can recognize surgical lights making the whole image well – lit, as well as some other appliances – probably there is a suction pump, defibrillator, an interpetive EKG as well as different kinds of surgical knives. In my opinion this operating room looks very typical. The vast majority of equipment here can be recognized only by the specialist.
Przykładowe pytania egzaminatora
- What will happen next to the patient being operated on?
- Do you think that people nowadays are healthier than they were 50 years ago?
I have no idea what kind of operation is taking place in the picture but I think the person will undergo a standard post – operation procedure. He will be probably taken to the post – anesthesia care unit to wake up there. The doctors monitor closely at this place the person who had been under operation and after some time (on average a few hours) the person is sent back to the regular hospital room. I am sure that is what will happen to the patient in the picture. Only if his general condition is not good enough he will be placed in the intensive care unit for a few hours. As most of the patients he will be probably asked to visit the surgery withing a fortnight after the operation to be checked for signs of infection and, obviously, to have the external stitches removed.
Definitely, people are much healthier nowadays than 50 years ago. The medical care has extensively developed since then and many infections and diseases that were lethal in the middle of the twentieth century are completely curable now. Moreover, the social insurance system made possible for a larger group of people to be treated at the specialist`s and at the surgeries. The operation itself was very rare, painful and usually ineffective in the past. People used to bleed to death and suffer from high perioperative mortality. It has significantly changed recently.
Personally, I do not find people healthier than 50 years ago. I am aware the access to common medical treatment is much easier than in the past, but we should not forget here about the lifestyles that have significantly changed in recent years as well as ecological problems which are still not solved. People are much more stressed nowadays, they take too many so – called ‘diet supplements’, they consume highly processed food and drink polluted water. No surprise the rate of cancer diagnosis is still increasing in comparison with the past.