team sports – sporty drużynowe

  • football – piłka nożna
  • football pitch – boisko do piłki nożnej
  • penalty area – pole karne
  • goal – bramka, gol
  • goalkeeper – bramkarz
  • captain – kapitan
  • forward/ attacker – napastnik
  • defender – obrońca
  • midfielder – pomocnik
  • centre/ cross – dośrodkowanie
  • header – główka
  • penalty (kick) – rzut karny
  • corner – rzut rożny
  • free kick – rzut wolny
  • throw-in – rzut z autu
  • off-side – spalony
  • referee – sędzia
  • linesman – sędzia liniowy
  • whistle – gwizdek
  • yellow/  red card – żółta/czerwona kartka
  • foul – faul
  • extra time – dogrywka
  • reserve – gracz rezerwowy
  • table – klasyfikacja
  • ligue – liga
  • score – wynik
  • to score – strzelić gola
  • draw – remis
  • basketball – koszykówka
  • basketball court – boisko do koszykówki
  • basket – kosz
  • baseball – baseball
  • baseball bat – kij do baseballa
  • base – baza
  • volleyball – siatkówka
  • net – siatka
  • handball – piłka ręczna
  • rugby – rugby

athletics – lekkoatletyka

  • athlete – lekkoatleta
  • race – bieg
  • long distance running – biegi długodystansowe
  • sprint – sprint
  • cross-country race – bieg na przełaj
  • relay race – sztafeta
  • to pass a baton – przekazać pałeczkę
  • marathon – maraton
  • hurdles – bieg przez płotki
  • walking (race) – chodziarstwo
  • track – bieżnia
  • track events – konkurencje na bieżni
  • shot put – pchnięcie kulą
  • discus – rzut dyskiem
  • discus thrower – dyskobol
  • hammer – rzut młotem
  • hammer thrower – zawodnik rzucający młotem
  • javelin throw – rzut oszczepem
  • pole vault – skok o tyczce
  • pole – tyczka
  • long jump – skok w dal
  • high jump – skok wzwyż
  • triple jump – trójskok
  • to have a run-up – brać rozbieg
  • pentathlon – pięciobój
  • leg – etap (wyścigu), runda
  • lap – okrążenie
  • jogging – jogging
  • starter gun – pistolet startowy
  • timekeeper – sędzia mierzący czas
  • stopwatch – stoper

water sports – sporty wodne

  • swimming – pływanie
  • swimmer – pływak
  • swimming pool – basen
  • swimming hat/ cap – czepek
  • crawl – kraul
  • butterfly – delfin/motylek
  • backstroke – styl grzbietowy
  • breast-stroke – żabka
  • free style – styl wolny
  • medley relay – sztafeta
  • lane – tor
  • dive – skok
  • diving board – trampolina
  • diving – nurkowanie
  • diver – nurek
  • fins – płetwy
  • wet suit/diving suit – skafander
  • snorkel – fajka do nurkowania
  • mask – maska do nurkowania
  • sailing – żeglarstwo
  • sail – żagiel
  • sailing boat – żaglówka
  • windsurfing – windsurfing
  • sailboard – deska do windsurfingu
  • yacht – jacht
  • life jacket – kamizelka ratunkowa
  • lifeboat – szalupa ratunkowa
  • motorboat – łódź motorowa
  • water-skiing – jazda na nartach wodnych
  • water-skis – narty wodne
  • rafting – pływanie na tratwie
  • canoeing – pływanie łódką wiosłową
  • rawing – wioślarstwo
  • rowing boat – łódź wiosłowa
  • rubber dinghy – ponton
  • waterpolo – piłka wodna/waterpolo

winter sports – sporty zimowe

  • skiing – narciarstwo
  • alpine skiing – narciarstwo alpejskie
  • downhill ski run/ race – bieg zjazdowy
  • cross-country skiing – biegi ­narciarskie
  • slalom – slalom
  • giant slalom – slalom gigant
  • ski jumping – skoki narciarskie
  • ski boots – buty narciarskie
  • ski poles – kijki narciarskie
  • ski suit – kombinezon narciarski
  • snowboarding – jazda na desce
  • snowboard – deska/snowboard
  • ski resort – ośrodek sportów narciarskich
  • ski slope – stok
  • bindings – wiązania
  • ski lift – wyciąg narciarski
  • ski pass – bilet na wyciągi (karnet)
  • figure skating – jazda figurowa na lodzie
  • skates – łyżwy
  • ice rink – lodowisko
  • hockey – hokej
  • stick – kij hokejowy
  • pusk – krążek hokejowy
  • sledge – sanki
  • bobsleigh – bobslej
  • lane – tor
  • tobogan run – tor saneczkowy

gymnastics – gimnastyka

  • artistic gymnastics – gimnastyka artystyczna
  • parallel bars – drążki
  • trampoline – trampolina
  • horse vault – skok przez kozła
  • ring exercises – ćwiczenia na obręczach
  • horizontal bar exercises – ćwiczenia na drążku
  • gym – sala gimnastyczna

combat sports – sporty walki

  • fencing – szermierka
  • fencer – szermierz
  • foil – floret
  • sabre – szabla
  • épée – szpada
  • boxing – boks
  • boxing gloves – rękawice bokserskie
  • ring – ring
  • martial arts – sztuki walki
  • judo – judo
  • karate – karate
  • judogi – kimono
  • belt – pas
  • kung-fu – kung-fu
  • aikido – aikido
  • taekwondo – taekwondo
  • wrestling – zapasy
  • wrestler – zapaśnik
  • mat – mata
  • hold – chwyt

equestrian sports – sporty konne

  • riding – sporty konne
  • rider – jeździec
  • horse racing – wyścigi konne
  • show jumping – gonitwa z przeszkodami
  • to jump over fences – pokonać przeszkody
  • jockey – dżokej
  • saddle – siodło
  • harness racing – wyścigi zaprzęgów

tennis – tenis

  • tenis plater – tenisista
  • tennis court – kort tenisowy
  • net – siatka
  • racket – rakieta
  • umpire – sędzia
  • service – serw
  • to strike/ hit – uderzyć
  • love – zero (punktów)
  • table tennis – tenis stołowy

cricket and polo – krykiet i polo

  • cricketer – gracz w krykieta
  • bat – palant, kij do krykieta
  • wicket – cel, bramka w krykiecie
  • mallet – kij do gry w polo
  • billiards – bilard
  • billiard table – stół bilardowy
  • billiard ball – bila
  • cue – kij bilardowy

cycling – jazda na rowerze

  • road cycling – kolarstwo szosowe
  • track cycling – kolarstwo torowe
  • mountain bike – rower górski
  • racing bike – rower wyścigowy
  • helmet – kask
  • handlebars – kierownica
  • wheel – koło
  • chain – łańcuch
  • tyre – opona
  • pedals – pedały
  • saddle – siodełko
  • mudguards – błotniki
  • brakes – hamulce

car races – wyścigi samochodowe

  • motor racing – wyścigi samochodowe
  • racing driver – kierowca wyścigowy
  • Formula 1 racing – wyścigi ­Formuły 1

Other – inne

  • badminton – badminton
  • badminton racket – rakietka do badmintona
  • shuttlecock – lotka
  • hole – dołek
  • golf club – kij golfowy
  • golf course – pole golfowe
  • weightlifting – podnoszenie ciężarów
  • weights – ciężary
  • weightlifter – ciężarowiec
  • two-hand snatch – podrzut
  • two-hand clean and jerk – rwanie
  • shooting – strzelectwo
  • target shooting – strzelanie do celu
  • clay-pigeon shooting – strzelanie do rzutków
  • shooter – strzelec
  • rifle range – strzelnica
  • target – tarcza/cel
  • ammunition – amunicja
  • bullet – kula nabój
  • archery – łucznictwo
  • archer – łucznik
  • bow – łuk
  • arrow – strzała
  • skateboarding – jazda na desce
  • rollerblading/ in-line skating – jazda na rolkach
  • roller skating – jazda na wrotkach
  • aerobics – aerobik
  • chess – szachy

Team sports

I enjoy team sports very much. I often play football, basketball and volleyball. I like to feel like a real member of the team and help us to score a goal. I like to feel important and useful. I don’t play baseball because I don’t know the rules. The only thing I know is that a player has to hit a ball with a bat and run as fast as possible to touch the base. And I don’t like rugby because it seems too violent to me.

The match has already started and my favourite team is on the pitch. Liverpool has a lot of good players: Dudek as goal keeper, Djibril Cisse as a forward and Steven Gerard as a midfielder. They have also good defenders; the best one is probably Jamie Carragher. I’m sure they’ll win. Oh, no! One of the defenders has been fouled. The referee gave Cisse a yellow card and decided on a free kick just outside the Liverpool penalty area. Two-one, and there’s a chance for an equalizer. If the match ends in a draw at full-time, there will be extra time and then penalties.

Athletics

I really love athletics, especially track events. I like both sprints and long distance running, although I lose my breath after the first lap. But I wouldn’t dare take part in a marathon. I also like the cross-country race. It’s really exhausting but I always feel satisfied if I manage to cover a few kilometres distance. I’m not very fond of the relay race because I always lose a baton. I do like hurdles, although I’m not very good at it.

I enjoy watching athletics, especially when several competitions take place in the stadium at the same time. I like observing athletes when they are preparing to the race, impatiently waiting for the signal of a starter gun. I love both long jump, high jump and the pole vault. I’m not very keen on the discus, the hammer throw and the shot put because it’s sometimes very difficult to see the distance from the audience. But I like the javelin throw.

Water sports

I’m keen on water sports. I was 5 years old when I first went sailing with my parents. I’m a good swimmer so I’m not afraid of the lake even if it’s windy. I know all swimming styles, but my favourite are breast-stroke and crawl. I go sailing whenever it’s possible either with my parents or friends. Last summer I tried windsurfing and found it really exciting. I’m also thinking about water-skiing but I haven’t found a good motorboat yet.

We spent our last summer holidays in Egypt. There are beautiful beaches and ideal conditions for diving. We swam with snorkels for the first week. We could observe the underwater world for hours. After a week we hired a rubber dingy and bought fins, masks and wet suits, and decided to dive in deep water. It was a wonderful experience.

Winter sports

I love skiing and snowboarding and I always spend my winter holidays in the mountains. It’s really exciting to ski down the slope, feel the cold wind on your face and get that surge of adrenaline. I also like skating and I go to the ice rink as often as possible. Although I’m not very good at it I treat it as a good form of entertainment and a way to keep fit. I often watch skating on television and I’m always astonished with the perfection of the top performers.

Gymnastics

In PE (Physical Education) we do all sorts of exercises like gymnastics and aerobics, and play games like basketball, volleyball and handball. Our gym is well equipped so we can do horse vault, ring and horizontal bar exercises. Our teacher also introduces some elements of judo and karate but I don’t think we’ll be any good at it.

Combat sports

The only sport disciplines I never watch are boxing and wrestling. It doesn’t make sense to me that two men enter the ring, put on their boxing gloves and fight until one of them is knocked out or has a broken nose. Wrestling doesn’t seem better to me: two wrestlers lying on a mat, trying to keep a hold of each other, sweating and making strange noises. I don’t understand why people watch it.

Tennis

Venus and Serena Williams are my favourite tennis players. I love to see them on the court and I try to watch every tournament that they take part in. Serena lost her last game but I think some of the umpire’s decisions were not fair, and he favoured Serena’s opponent. The young Russian player who won was so happy that she threw her racket high in the air. But I must admit that she has a very good service.

Equestrian sports

I can’t help laughing when I see my father horse riding. He’s always as stiff as a board and I think chess would be a better sport for him. My mother is a far better rider. She can even jump over fences. When she is in the saddle she looks like a real jockey.

Cycling

I can’t go cycling today because my bike is broken. I have to change a wheel and repair the brakes. I know I should buy a new bike because this one is quite old and has a very uncomfortable saddle. I think I’ll buy a mountain bike next year but I haven’t got enough money yet.

Car races

Sorry, I can’t talk to you now. The Formula 1 race is about to start. My favourite racing driver is on his favourite circuit so I’m sure he’ll win. He’s currently leading the champion table. Oh, they’re off. I’ll talk to you later.

Cricket and polo

Cricket is a popular sport in Britain although it’s not known in other European countries. It’s a game played by two teams of eleven people on a mown grass field with special bats and wickets. The cricketers usually wear white clothes. Another typically British sport is polo, a discipline reserved mainly for the elite. It’s a ball game played on horseback with mallets.

If you are not good at sport and prefer going to the cinema or chatting with friends in your leisure time I’d advise you to take up billiards. It’s a good discipline for lazy people who can spend some time at a billiard table, talking to friends, drinking beer and trying to hit a billiard ball with a cue.

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