periods of life
- childhood – dzieciństwo
- newborn baby – noworodek
- baby – niemowlak
- infant – niemowlak, małe dziecko
- infancy – okres niemowlęcy
- toddler – dziecko dopiero uczące się chodzić, szkrab, malec
- two-year-old child – dwulatek
- child/ children – dziecko/ dzieci
- kid – dzieciak (potocznie)
- to grow – rosnąć
- to come up to school age – dojść do wieku szkolnego
adolescence – wiek dojrzewania
- teenager, adolescent – nastolatek
- puberty – dojrzewanie
- to be under age – być osobą nieletnią
- youth – młodość
- to grow up – dorastać
- to mature – dojrzewać
- juvenile – młodociany
- minor – nieletni
being an adult – dorosłość
- mature – dojrzały
- maturity – dojrzałość
- adult, grown-up – dorosły
- to reach majority – osiągnąć pełnoletność
- to be of age – być osobą pełnoletnią
- to come of age – osiągnąć pełnoletność
- to set up a family – założyć rodzinę
- to get pregnant – zajść w ciążę
- pregnancy – ciąża
- to expect a baby – spodziewać się dziecka
- to give birth to a baby girl – urodzić córeczkę
- to bring up a child – wychowywać dziecko
- to be in one’s prime – być w kwiecie wieku
- mid-life crisis – kryzys wieku średniego
- to get old – starzeć się
- to look young for one’s age – wyglądać młodo jak na swój wiek
- to reach retirement age – osiągnąć wiek emerytalny
- old age pensioner, retired person, senior citizen – emeryt
- She is in her early forties. – Ona ma około 40-43 lat.
- He is in his mid fifties. – On ma około 54-56 lat.
- They are in their late teens. – Oni mają około 17-19 lat.
- to be in one’s twenties, thirties etc. – być w wieku 20, 30 lat
I get on with my younger brother quite well but I wish he would come up to school age. Although he is not an infant anymore, he is still a toddler who cannot play football or surf the Net. He is a two-year-old child who has to grow up to be a good company for his older brother.
The life of a teenager is not easy. Youth is wonderful but as long as I am under age I have to obey my parents’ decisions. I try to discuss my future with them but they keep on saying I am still a minor and I do not know what is good for me. When I get angry they claim it is because of the difficult time of puberty.
Being an adult
My older sister is in her twenties and she has already set up a family. She gave birth to a baby girl last week. She was extremely irritable during her pregnancy so we are glad that the difficult time is over. My mum is happy to be a grandmother. She is in her prime and she looks extremely young for her age. She has never shown any signs of mid-life crisis. It is a pity she has not reached retirement age yet as she cannot help my sister take care of the baby. I am seventeen so I believe I am responsible and mature enough to babysit for my sister when she wants to go out with her husband?