Climate – klimat

  • warm – ciepły
  • cold – zimny
  • mild – łagodny
  • humid – wilgotny
  • dry – suchy
  • temperate – umiarkowany

Cold weather – chłodna, zimowa pogoda

  • chilly days – chłodne dni
  • blizzard – zamieć (śnieżna)
  • snowdrifts – zaspy
  • b– deszcz ze śniegiem

Warm/ hot weather – letnia pogoda, upał

  • warm/hot weather – ciepło, upał
  • heat wave – fala upałów
  • humid – wilgotno
  • scorching – skwarny
  • boiling – bardzo gorąco
  • mild – łagodny, umiarkowany
  • sultry weather – duchota

Wet weather – wilgotna, jesienna pogoda

  • damp – wilgotny
  • drizzle – mżawka/mżyć
  • to pour down – lać
  • downpour – ulewa
  • torrential rain – ulewny deszcz
  • shower – przelotny deszcz
  • storm – burza
  • thunderstorm – burza z piorunami
  • lightening – błyskawica
  • thunder – grzmot
  • hail – grad
  • overcast – pochmurny
  • cloudburst – oberwanie chmury
  • mist/ misty – mgiełka/ mglisty
  • fog/ foggy – mgła/ mglisty

Wind – wiatr

  • breeze – wietrzyk
  • gale – wichura
  • hurricane – huragan
  • blustery weather – zawierucha
  • low pressure – nis­kie ciśnienie
  • weather forecast – prognoza ­pogody
  • rainbow – tęcza
  • bright intervals – przejaśnienia
  • to clear up – przejaśniać się
  • to melt – topić się (o śniegu)
  • to thaw – rozmarzać (o lodzie)

Europe is a continent with a wide variety of climates. It’s hot and dry in Spain, Italy, Greece and the south of France, whereas in the north it’s very cold. Great Britain has a temperate climate, with mild winters, humid springs and warm summers.

cold weather
The weather in September is usually pleasant, but in October the days become chilly and the first frosts ar­rive. Days become shorter and shorter and rain becomes sleet and then snow. Blizzards and snowdrifts are common in December. During such cold days it’s better to stay at home and wait until the ground thaws and the ice melts.

warm/hot weather
The holidays in a large city are a nightmare, especially during a heat wave. It’s really hard to move around because it’s boiling in buses and trams. It’s so hot and humid that everybody looks for the shade of trees in the park. It’s the only place where you can enjoy a scorching day. Nevertheless, such sultry weather is usually so unbearable that I dream about a mild climate.

wet weather
Last summer was terrible; it was cold and damp. We had two weeks of beautiful weather in June but it changed at the end of the month. Foggy mornings, showers and drizzles were nothing if compared to torrential rains which came in July. I can remember the first cloudburst on the 5th July. The sky was overcast and a very high wind started to blow. And then, there was a real downpour with lightening and thunder. I was really scared, especially when it started to hail. The storm damaged several houses in my neighbourhood.

Sailing is my favourite sport and although I’m only a beginner I sail as often as possible. I often watch weather forecasts to see if they will announce a storm or a hurricane. I’m not crazy enough to go sailing when there’s a gale warning. But in my country the weather is change­able and I can wait in the harbour for bright intervals and a gentle breeze. But if the day is really blustery I prefer to stay at home.

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