Świat przyrody


COSMOS I’ve always been interested in astronomy. At the age of six I could find in the night sky not only The Great Bear, Polaris and The Plough but also Cassiopeia and Venus. Then, I started reading books about the universe and I wanted to know everything about our solar system. I observed the shooting stars, the phases of the moon and I even went abroad to see the eclipse. I’d like to be an

Świat przyrody – zadanie maturalne

Świat przyrody Zadanie maturalne Przeczytaj poniższe wypowiedzi osób (A-D). Następnie odpowiedz na pytania pod tekstem (1-5), wpisując odpowiednie litery umieszczone obok każdego pytania. A. Janice First of all, we should concentrate on preventing destruction of the habitat. I think we should give more financial support to poorer countries where people are destroying habitats. When the animals lose their habitats, they become extinct. In addition, we could concentrate on planting more


THE LANDSCAPE When I’m tired of the noise of the big city I go to the mountains. I hire a room in a chalet which is situated at the end of a picturesque valley. I have a wonderful view of mountain peaks covered with snow. They belong to a large mountain range in the South of the country. There are no cars; I can only hear a few tourists and the low sound of streams and waterfalls. I’d like to

Environment protection – ochrona środowiska

Environment pollution One of the greatest problems of the contemporary world is the pollution of the environment. Cars and factories emit gases which contaminate the atmosphere. It leads to depletion of the ozone layer, acid rain and global warming. Water is also heavily polluted because of tanker leaks, oil spills and the dumping of sewage directly into rivers and seas. Deforestation and the use of fertilizers cause soil erosion, the

PLANTS – rośliny

Plants – rośliny Julka: I adore flowers! My favourite season of the year is spring! Everything is in bloom! Trees, bushes and lawns. After a long and boring winter I can finally see some life. I always try to put some in my room. My boyfriend gives me roses when we meet. I like them, but my favourite flowers are daffodils, tulips and grape hyacinths! Their vivid colours always look

THE WEATHER – pogoda

CLIMATE Europe is a continent with a wide variety of climates. It’s hot and dry in Spain, Italy, Greece and the south of France, whereas in the north it’s very cold. Great Britain has a temperate climate, with mild winters, humid springs and warm summers. Climate – klimat warm – ciepły cold – zimny mild – łagodny humid – wilgotny dry – suchy temperate – umiarkowany   WEATHER Cold weather The weather in September

Environment pollution – zanieczyszczenie środowiska

environment pollution– zanieczyszczenie środowiska environment – środowisko polluted – zanieczyszczony pollution – zanieczyszczenie to pollute – zanieczyszczać contamination – skażenie, zanieczyszczenie sewage – ścieki to dump – wyrzucać depletion – uszczuplenie, wyczerpywanie oil spills – wycieki ropy leak – wyciek fertilizers – nawozy ecological balance – równowaga ekologiczna acid rain – kwaśne deszcze deforestation – wycinanie lasów destruction of the rain forest – niszczenie lasów tropikalnych extinction – wymieranie endangered species – zagrożone


Climate – klimat warm – ciepły cold – zimny mild – łagodny humid – wilgotny dry – suchy temperate – umiarkowany Cold weather – chłodna, zimowa pogoda chilly days – chłodne dni blizzard – zamieć (śnieżna) snowdrifts – zaspy sleet – deszcz ze śniegiem Warm/ hot weather – letnia pogoda, upał warm/hot weather – ciepło, upał heat wave – fala upałów humid – wilgotno scorching – skwarny boiling – bardzo


Earthquake – trzęsienie ziemi the earth moves/ trembles – ziemia drży warning signal – sygnał ostrzegawczy collapse – runięcie, zawalenie się epicentre – epicentrum to measure in Richter scale – mierzyć w skali Richtera Earthquake An earthquake starts when the blocks which make up the earth move up and down. When one piece of rock starts to rub on another with great force, a lot of energy is used. This energy is changed


valley – dolina marsh – bagna/ mokradła river – rzeka lake – jezioro wood – las forest – las (większy) mountain range – łańcuch górski mountain peak – szczyt desert – pustynia plain – równina pond – staw stream – strumyk waterfall – wodospad cove – zatoczka bay – zatoka gulf – zatoka island – wyspa coast – wybrzeże shore – brzeg, wybrzeże estuary – ujście (rzeki) cape – przylądek


Parts of animal bodies – części ciała zwierząt beak – dziób wing – skrzydło tail – ogon paw – łapa claws – pazury whiskers – wąsy hoof – kopyto fur – futro mane – grzywa scale – łuska fin – płetwa shell – skorupa Amphibians and reptiles – płazy i gady toad – ropucha frog – żaba lizard – jaszczurka salamander – salamandra snake – wąż viper – żmija Birds –


Flowers – kwiaty bud – pąk pollen – pyłek kwiatowy petals – płatki stalk – łodyga stem – łodyga pansy – bratek lily of the valley – konwalia poppy – mak primrose – perwiosnek daisy – stokrotka tulip – tulipan daffodil – żonkil carnation – goździk Trees and bushes – drzewa i krzewy learf/ leaves – liść/ liście needles – igły twig – gałąź branch – gałąź bough – konar trunk

Animals – zwierzęta

Animal records How much do you know about animals? Answer each question YES or NO and test your knowledge! 1. The fastest mammals on land are cheetahs. yes/no 2. Adult bee hummingbirds are the fastest birds in the world. yes/no 3. Blue whales are the largest animals in the world! yes/no 4. Tarantula spiders are the most dangerous animals in the world. yes/no 5. African elephants are the tallest land